Wednesday, September 05, 2007

Chinese Commit an Act of War...

We tend to forget the treat posed by China these days. We spend all of our time talking about wars or potential wars with (or in) Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, North Korea, Pakistan (at least if you're Barack Obama), along with the latest Russian sabre rattling. China, if it comes up at all, is the butt of jokes about defective products and poisoned exports.

The hard truth is that China is a powerful, aggressive state that has a long history of attacking it's neighbors.

A quick recap of China's military adventures since the revolution (1949):

1950 China invades Tibet. China has a longstanding claim to ownership of Tibet but had lacked the ability to assert their claims until the revolution. Casualties unknown, however active violent resistance to the occupation by Tibetans continued until at least 1969. Most sources say tens of thousands dead.

1950 China enters Korean War. In an attempt to forestall the collapse of their client state North Korea, China attacks U.N. forces. Casualties by Nation:

UN Forces
South Korea 58,127 killed, 175, 743 wounded, 80,000 MIA or POW.
United States 36,516 dead (including 10,395 non-combat), 92,134 wounded, 15,421 MIA/POW
United Kingdom 1,109 dead, 2,674 wounded, 1,060 MIA or POW
Turkey 721 dead, 2,111 wounded, 168 MIA, 216 POW
France 300 KIA or MIA

Numerous other nations contributed to the allied cause in Korea(particularly Canada and Australia). Unfortunately I don't have casualty figures for anyone else. In no way am I intending to gloss over the sacrifices made by these other nations. If anyone has figures I'll be happy to post them.

U.N. Total
More than 474,000

Communist Forces
North Korea 215,000 dead, 303,000 wounded, 120,000 MIA or POW
China 400,000+ dead, 486,000 wounded, 21,000 POW
Soviet Union 315 dead, 500+ wounded (mostly pilots and advisers)

Communist Total
1,500,000

Korean Civilians
Uncounted millions

1962 China invades India's North Eastern Frontier. The initial cause of the conflict was a disputed region of the Himalayan border in Arunachal Pradesh. Casualty estimates vary, between 1500 and 3000 dead on each side.

1969 Fought minor skirmishes with Soviet Union. Essentially because Chinese leadership determines Russian leadership "not communist enough". Estimates vary, between 100 and 1000 dead on each side.

1979 Attacked Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Launched in response to Vietnamese efforts to depose Pol Pot and end the "killing Fields". Roughly 20,000 dead on each side.

1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre. Peoples Liberation Army attacks...the people for having the unmitigated gall to demand democracy. Casualties: perhaps as high as 3000.

I'm sure there are other examples. These are just off the top of my head. All figures from Wikipedia.



UPDATE
Additional U.N. numbers from Korea.

Australia 339 KIA 1,061 WIA
Belgium 97 KIA 355 WIA
Canada 516 KIA 1,558 WIA
Colombia 146 KIA 448 WIA 69 MIA
Ethiopia 122 KIA 566 WIA
Greece 194 KIA 459 WIA
Luxembourg 7 KIA 21 WIA
Netherlands 116 KIA 381 WIA
New Zealand 31 KIA 78 WIA
Philippines 92 KIA 356 WIA
South Africa 20 KIA 16 WIA
Thailand 136 KIA 469 WIA


Sweden, Denmark, India, Italy and Norway all sent medical personnel. As far as I can tell, none of them had any casualties.

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